The Italians have utilized gold for a long time. The Romans on the other hand created new methods of mining gold in large amounts with the aid of hydraulic mining methods. They began using these procedures mostly in Spain since 25 BC. The Romans began using these methods in Romania in 150 AD. The largest gold mine owned by the Romans was in Las Medulas in Len (Spain). This gold mine utilized seven long aqueducts that enabled the Romans to sluice most of the earth and sand deposit containing gold.
The Italian gold industry is quite large and contributes a significant chunk to the Italian economy. Almost 500 tons of fine gold are refined and used every year in Italy in addition to silver and copper. The Italian gold industry employs more than 40,000 persons. The majority of the 10,000 companies that comprise the Italian gold industry are focused in the following five areas of Italy, making them famous especially for gold all around the world. They are Veneto, Tuscany, Piedmont, Lombardy, Campania.
Italians keep their traditional designs and ways of making gold products because they value their gold traditions a lot. They also keep up with modern demands and fashion and this is why Italy has numerous Goldsmith design schools. These schools allow Italians to teach the current population of young people.
The price of gold all over the world is undergoing a rapid increase and investors are choosing to invest considerably in gold all around the world. As buyers encounter hardships in many parts of the world, those in Italy are not confronted by many hardships. The reason for this is that Italian goldsmiths are wise and use less gold when making gold products. They also use new techniques and processes that increase the durability and quality of gold products by utilizing new metal bases. The results of these methods and processes are that the gold products produced fit comfortably into the pockets of consumers.
Due to the malleability of pure (24k) gold, it is usually alloyed with base metals for use in jewelry, changing its hardness and ductility, melting point, color and other capabilities. Alloys with lower caratage, typically 22k, 18k, 14k or 10k, possess higher proportions of copper, or other base metals or silver or palladium in the alloy.
Copper is the most commonly utilized base metal, yielding a red color. Eighteen-carat gold containing 25% copper is found in antique and Russian jewelry and has a unmistakable, though not dominant, copper cast, creating rose gold. Fourteen-carat gold-copper alloy is almost exactly in color to some specific bronze alloys, and both may be used to produce police, as well as other, badges.
It is possible to produce blue gold by alloying it with iron and the use of aluminum together with gold produces purple gold. However, this only occurs when making custom jewelry. Blue gold is brittle and it is thus hard to make jewelry using blue gold.
Gold alloys that are fourteen and eighteen carats with a mixture of silver always have a greenish-yellow look. The name of these alloys is green gold. It is possible to make white gold alloys by including nickel or palladium.
Italian gold is known the world over for it's high quality. If you would like to read more about Italian gold bracelets click on the preceding link.